By deep reading, we mean the array of sophisticated processes that propel comprehension and that include inferential and deductive reasoning, analogical
skills, critical analysis, reflection, and insight. The expert reader needs milliseconds to execute these processes; the young brain needs years to develop them. Both of these pivotal dimensions of time are potentially endangered by the digital culture’s pervasive emphases on immediacy, information loading, and
a media-driven cognitive set that embraces speed and can discourage deliberation in both our reading and our thinking.